Economic Order Quantity Eoq Definition & Formula

We make it easy for you to ensure you have the right amount of stock in storage at the right time, and give you the power to make smarter decisions every day. There are numerous ways the EOQ calculation can benefit your business. It helps you to find the ideal balance between having enough stock in place while keeping costs as low as possible. It’s particularly useful for businesses that shift large amounts of products, or those businesses that sell products with fluctuating demand.

Economic Order Quantity Eoq Definition & Formula

When you use a robust ERP, these calculations may all be handled for you, including order costs like inventory ordering costs, holding costs and stock out costs. The EOQ formula aims to determine the ideal quantity of product units to order. If accomplished, a business can reduce the cost of purchasing, distributing, and storing units. Businesses with extensive supply chains and high variable costs can also utilize an algorithm in their inventory software to generate EOQ. The EOQ formula can be changed to determine production levels or order intervals.

Economic Order Quantity: What Does It Mean and Who Is It Important For?

With sufficient inventory levels, you can really make an impact on the inventory management process. The supply chain is notorious for getting cluttered quickly which is why it is best if a business can keep its inventory limited and organized. The Economic order quantity formula is required by any business looking to understand the amount of stock they need in order to satisfy demand. Excess inventory usually ends up as waste for the companies that overspend, making it important to minimize inventory costs.

  • Having to reorder goods frequently also racks up transportation costs.
  • It takes $5 for the shop to hold a pair of jeans for the entire year, and the fixed cost to place an order is $2.
  • Economic order quantity tells businesses the ideal order size for every product they buy.
  • The total Holding Costs for our Nike shoes are $2.85, which represents 9.5% of the purchase price.

By only ordering and storing the optimal amount of goods, you can free up cash to spend on other areas of your business, such as marketing or customer service. For example, If you can anticipate and see 2 clear patterns during the year then you can easily recalculate the EOQ formula. If you have high uncertainty on the lead time for the whole year, then you need a deeper analysis. The cost of placing an order or Transaction Costs is a little more complex because it includes the fixed costs of many processes involved in each order.


The Economic Order Quantity determines the inventory reorder point of a company. By doing so, the company continues to fill orders Economic Order Quantity Eoq Definition & Formula and does not run out of inventory. There is also revenue lost if the company can not fill an order due to insufficient inventory.

This team of experts helps Finance Strategists maintain the highest level of accuracy and professionalism possible. The articles and research support materials available on this site are educational and are not intended to be investment or tax advice. All such information is provided solely for convenience purposes only and all users thereof should be guided accordingly. Material acquisition costs are related to the number of orders placed during a given period. That is to say, EOQ refers to the size of the order that gives the maximum economy when purchasing any material.

Take the guesswork out of EOQ with ShipBob

Economic order quantity will be higher if the company’s setup costs or product demand increases. On the other hand, it will be lower if the company’s holding costs increase. These tools can help them optimize inventory management and facilitate their growth. To best understand how economic order quantity works, here’s an example.

Economic Order Quantity Eoq Definition & Formula